Sperm microRNA pairs: new perspectives in the search for male fertility biomarkers

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Authors:

Celia Corral-Vazquez, M.Sc., Albert Salas-Huetos, Ph.D., Joan Blanco, Ph.D., Francesca Vidal, Ph.D., Zaida Sarrate, Ph.D., Ester Anton, Ph.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To identify candidates of fertility biomarkers among pairs of human sperm microRNAs.

Design

Expression data of 736 sperm microRNAs from fertile and infertile individuals characterized in previous published studies by means of TaqMan quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were reexamined. A set of microRNA pairs with the best biomarker potential were selected and validated by means of quantitative real-time (qRT) PCR in an independent cohort.

Setting

University laboratory.

Patient(s)

Semen samples were obtained from fertile (n = 10) and infertile (asthenozoospermia, n = 10; teratozoospermia, n = 10; oligozoospermia, n = 10; unexplained male infertility [UMI], n = 8) individuals. The validation cohort included 9 fertile donors and 14 infertile patients with different seminal alterations.

Intervention(s)

None.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

Spearman test was used to select microRNA pairs with a correlated expression in fertile individuals and a noncorrelated expression in each infertile group. The biomarker potential of these pairs was determined with the use of receiver operating characteristic curves. The differential relative expression of each pair in fertile and infertile populations was verified (Mann-Whitney test). Those pairs with best results were validated by qRT-PCR.

Result(s)

Forty-eight pairs showed significant correlations in the fertile group. The pairs that were uncorrelated in the infertile populations and displayed the best biomarker potential were hsa-miR-942-5p/hsa-miR-1208 (asthenozoospermia), hsa-miR-296-5p/hsa-miR-328-3p (teratozoospermia), hsa-miR-139-5p/hsa-miR-1260a (oligozoospermia), and hsa-miR-34b-3p/hsa-miR-93-3p (UMI). The hsa-miR-942-5p/hsa-miR-1208 pair showed the greatest potential for detecting seminal alterations in the validation cohort (85.71% true positives).

Conclusion(s)

The pairs hsa-miR-942-5p/hsa-miR-1208 and hsa-miR-34b-3p/hsa-miR-93-3p have the potential to become new molecular biomarkers that could help to diagnose male infertility, especially in cases of UMI or when seminal parameters are close to the threshold values.


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Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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