Will noninvasive methods surpass invasive for assessing gametes and embryos?

This review discusses novel technologies being developed in research settings that may ultimately provide an alternative means of gamete and embryo assessment to current invasive techniques.

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Volume 108, Issue 5, Pages 730–737

Authors:

Tim Sanchez, Ph.D., Emily A. Seidler, M.D., David K. Gardner, D.Phil., Daniel Needleman, Ph.D., Denny Sakkas, Ph.D.

Abstract:

The need to identify the most viable embryo following in vitro fertilization (IVF) was established early in the history of human IVF. The stalwart of identifying the best embryos has been morphology. Other techniques have however seen wide acceptance, including the use of preimplantation genetic screening, even though concerns exist over the invasive nature of the technique. Alternatively, noninvasive assessment technologies have tried to determine an embryo's viability through measurements of factors in the media or by imaging of the embryo. We present data showing that the metabolic blueprint of an embryo is linked to viability, and argue that analysis of metabolic function, using either spent medium or by novel microscopies, could provide the basis for selecting the embryo with the highest viability. This review therefore asks, “Will noninvasive methods surpass invasive for assessing gametes and embryos?” We examine the current state of research on noninvasive technologies, including novel optical methods, and conclude noninvasive embryo viability assessment will assist in embryo selection for transfer.


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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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