Vasovasostomy and vasoepididymostomy: indications, operative technique, and outcomes
Article In Press
Richard J. Fantus, M.D., Joshua A. Halpern, M.D., M.S.
The basic principles of vasal reconstruction have endured since their initial description over a century ago, yet the nuances and technical approaches have evolved. Prior to performing vasectomy reversal, the clinician should perform a focused history, physical and laboratory assessment, all of which are critical for patient counseling and preoperative planning. Operative success is contingent on appropriate intraoperative decision making and technical precision in completing a tension-free, watertight, and patent anastomosis. Outcomes of vasectomy reversal differ on the basis of the type of reconstruction required, reconstructive technique, and patient-specific factors. Here we review the indications, surgical techniques, and outcomes of vasectomy reversal.