Selecting the optimal gestational carrier: medical, reproductive, and ethical considerations

We review recommendations from clinical guidelines regarding gestational surrogacy, along with updates from current literature to provide guidance for selecting a gestational carrier based on medical, reproductive, and ethical considerations.

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Volume 113, Issue 5, Pages 892–896


Helen H. Kim, M.D.


The goals of a gestational surrogacy relationship are to have a healthy baby for the intended parents while maintaining the medical and psychological well-being of the gestational carrier. A successful gestational surrogacy relationship will result also in good psychosocial outcomes for the gestational carrier, intended parents, and child. Finding a gestational carrier who will achieve these goals would be the ideal. This article focuses on key medical, reproductive, and ethical considerations to optimize clinical outcomes in gestational carrier cycles. Recommendations from available clinical guidelines regarding gestational surrogacy are reviewed, along with updates from current literature.

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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders.