Outcomes of in vitro fertilization pregnancies complicated by subchorionic hematoma detected on first-trimester ultrasound

Original Articles: Early Pregnancy

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VOLUME 1, ISSUE 2, P149-153, SEPTEMBER 01, 2020

Authors:

Kelsey L. Anderson, M.D., Patricia T. Jimenez, M.D., Kenan R. Omurtag, M.D., Emily S. Jungheim, M.D., M.S.C.I.

Abstract:

Objective

To estimate the association between subchorionic hematoma (SCH) on ultrasound and pregnancy outcomes in in vitro fertilization (IVF) pregnancies.


Design

Institutional Review Board–approved, retrospective cohort study.


Setting

Tertiary care university-based facility.


Patient(s)

In this study, 1,004 patients who underwent IVF with a viable singleton pregnancy from January 1, 2009 through December 31, 2017.


Intervention(s)

Subchorionic hematoma versus no hematoma diagnosed on first-trimester ultrasound.


Main Outcome Measure(s)

Live birth, preterm birth, and spontaneous abortion.


Result(s)

We found that 1,004 women met the criteria and 187 (18.6%) had an SCH. In bivariate and multivariate regression models, there were no associations between SCH and the outcomes of live birth, preterm birth, or birth weight.


Conclusion(s)

Subchorionic hematoma detected on first-trimester ultrasound after IVF is not associated with probability of live birth, probability of preterm birth, or infant birth weight in this patient population.

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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