Ming Li, M.S., Jin Huang, Ph.D., Xinjie Zhuang, Ph.D., Shengli Lin, Ph.D., Yujiao Dang, Ph.D., Ying Wang, Ph.D., Dandan Liu, Ph.D., Rong Li, M.D., Ping Liu, M.D., Jie Qiao, M.D.
To evaluate the obstetric and neonatal outcomes after the transfer of vitrified-warmed single blastocysts developing from nonpronuclear (0PN) and monopronuclear (1PN) zygotes.
This study was a retrospective analysis of 435 0PN and 281 1PN vitrified-warmed single blastocyst transfers, and 151 0PN and 75 1PN singletons, compared with 13,167 two-pronuclear (2PN) vitrified-warmed single blastocyst transfers and 4,559 2PN singletons, respectively.
Main Outcome Measure(s)
Pregnancy rate (PR), abortion rate (AR), live birth rate (LBR), and singleton birthweight were the primary outcome measures.
PR, AR, and LBR were similar when compared between the 0PN and 2PN groups after vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer. However, the 0PN group had a higher birthweights, higher z scores, and a greater proportion of very large for gestational age newborns. When comparing the 1PN and 2PN groups, we found that the PR was similar whereas the AR was higher and the LBR was lower. No differences were detected in the other neonatal outcomes.
The results of the present study show that the transfer of 2PN blastocysts should be prioritized because of a higher AR and a lower LBR after 1PN blastocyst transfers and a higher birthweight after 0PN blastocyst transfers when compared with 2PN blastocyst transfers. Our data indicate the need for concern about the safety of 1PN and 0PN embryo transfers.