Modified Vecchietti vaginoplasty using self-made single-port laparoscopy in Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome

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Authors:

Xinyun Yang, M.D., Junxiao Liang, M.D., Wenjuan Li, Ph.D., Bingya Chen, M.D., Xiaoyan Sun, M.D., Zhenwei Xie, Ph.D. 

Abstract:

Objective

To introduce the minimally invasive Vecchietti procedure based on single-port laparoscopy with self-made surgical instruments for the surgical management of Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKH).


Design

Surgical video article. The approval of the Institutional Review Board and written consent from the patient were obtained.


Setting

University hospital.


Patient(s)

A 22-year-old woman presented with primary amenorrhea and inability to participate in penetrative sexual intercourse. A gynecological examination revealed a phenotypically normal vulva and absence of the vagina. A normal 46,XX karyotype was expressed. Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonic imaging of the abdomen and pelvis indicated that the ovaries were normal in size and there was vaginal agenesis with rudimentary uterus. No other congenital malformations were present.


Intervention(s)

The modified Vecchietti procedure involved a transvaginal operation and laparoscopic surgery. The epidural catheter was stretched and made into two wires that were tucked into the core of the Veress needle and then folded into four strings for perineal puncture. A transverse incision of about 3 cm was made in the center of the navel, layer by layer into the abdomen, and placed in a self-made single port (made of a small wound protector and an 8-inch glove), introducing the laparoscope. Under laparoscopic surveillance, the Veress needle was inserted through the vesicorectal space guided by the index finger, which was placed in the rectum. The epidural catheter was pumped from the core into the abdominal cavity under laparoscopy. Subsequently, cystoscopy was performed to ensure that no bladder perforation occurred during the needle insertion. The ball-shaped acrylic device and the two rubber stoppers were attached to the epidural catheter of the vulva. An epidural puncture needle with wire perforated the peritoneum through McBurney’s point and the opposite McBurney’s point, pulling the epidural catheter out of the abdominal cavity. The epidural catheter was curled around the gauze rolls until the ball-shaped device could be accommodated into the newly created cavity at a sufficient depth. After the surgery, the top of neovagina was lifted about 1 cm every day by tightening gauze rolls to increase the traction, until a neovagina 9 cm long was achieved.


Main Outcome Measure(s)

The clinical and anatomical data such as the operative time, intraoperative bleeding, duration of hospitalization, and measurement of the final length of the newly created canal 30 days after surgery and 3 months after surgery.


Result(s)

The operative time was 30 minutes, and the intraoperative blood loss was 10 mL. The duration of hospitalization was 10 days. Before discharge, the vaginal depth was 9 cm at 5 days after the surgery, and the self-made traction system was removed. A plastic mold was then inserted using povidone-iodine. The vaginal dilator had to be worn day and night. The patient was advised to sit at the corner of a hard bed or chair from time to time to enhance the dilated effect of the vaginal mold. Three months after the surgery, it could be worn each night until regular sexual intercourse was initiated. The canal length 30 days and 3 months after the surgery was nearly 9 cm.


Conclusion(s)

The modified Vecchietti vaginoplasty is a simple, safe, cost-effective, and minimally invasive procedure, offering an anatomic and functional neovagina for MRKH patients.

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.