Liraglutide 3 mg on weight, body composition, and hormonal and metabolic parameters in women with obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized placebo-controlled-phase 3 study

Liraglutide 3 mg treatment once daily over 32 weeks was superior to placebo in reducing weight, improving hyperandrogenism, and normalizing menstrual cycles in women with obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome.

VOLUME 118, ISSUE 2, P371-381

Authors:

Karen E. Elkind-Hirsch, Ph.D., Neil Chappell, M.D., Donna Shaler, B.S., John Storment, M.D., Drake Bellanger, M.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To study the efficacy and safety of the GLP-1 analog liraglutide 3 mg (LIRA 3 mg) vs. placebo (PL) for reduction of body weight (BW) and hyperandrogenism in women with obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).


Design

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.


Setting

Hospital-based outpatient endocrine and metabolic center.


Patient(s)

Women diagnosed with PCOS (NIH criteria) were randomly assigned to LIRA 3 mg (n = 55) or PL (n = 27) once daily for 32 weeks with lifestyle intervention.


Intervention(s)

Study visits at baseline and 32 weeks included BW and body composition by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Oral glucose tolerance tests were done with sex steroids, free androgen index (FAI), and lipids measured in the fasting sample.


Main Outcome Measure(s)

The primary end points were changes in BW and FAI. Safety was assessed in all patients who received at least one dose of the study drug.


Result(s)

Change in BW from baseline to week 32 was −5.7% (±0.75) with LIRA 3 mg vs. -1.4% (±1.09) with PL. At week 32, more participants on LIRA 3 mg than on PL achieved at least 5% weight reductions (25 of 44 vs. 5 of 23). Free androgen index significantly reduced with LIRA 3 mg compared with the PL where the mean FAI slightly increased. Gastrointestinal events, which were mostly mild to moderate, were reported in 58.2% of the LIRA 3 mg-subjects and 18.5% of PL subjects.


Conclusion(s)

LIRA 3 mg once daily appears superior to PL in reducing BW and androgenicity and improving cardiometabolic parameters in women with PCOS and obesity.


Clinical Trial Registration Number