Laparoscopic excision of pericardial and diaphragmatic endometriosis

We present an overview of the anatomy, literature, and surgical approach relevant to the laparoscopic excision of pericardial and diaphragmatic endometriosis.

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VOLUME 115, ISSUE 3, P807-808, MARCH 01, 2021


Dong Bach Nguyen, M.D., Sebastien Gilbert, M.D., Kristina Arendas, M.D., M.H.M., Caitlin A. Jago, M.D., M.Sc., Sukhbir S. Singh, M.D. 



To present a five-step approach to the laparoscopic excision of pericardial and diaphragmatic endometriosis.


Surgical video.


Academic tertiary care hospital.


35-year-old nulliparous woman observed for chronic pelvic pain and infertility with a diagnosis of diaphragmatic endometriosis at a prior laparoscopy. Symptoms included severe chest pain and right shoulder tip pain, refractory to multiple medical therapies.


Laparoscopic excision of pericardial and diaphragmatic endometriosis.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

Description of the relevant anatomy, the literature surrounding pericardial and diaphragmatic endometriosis, and the approach to the surgical intervention and postoperative care.


The laparoscopic excision of the full-thickness pericardial and diaphragmatic endometriotic lesions was successfully completed according to five reproducible steps: upper abdominal survey, liver mobilization, excision of diaphragmatic endometriosis, intrathoracic laparoscopic exploration, and closure of the diaphragmatic defect.


Although rare and challenging to diagnose and treat, pericardial and diaphragmatic endometriosis and its potentially debilitating symptoms can be successfully managed through a multidisciplinary and stepwise surgical intervention.

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders.