Indocyanine green in deep infiltrating endometriosis: a preliminary feasibility study to examine vascularization after rectal shaving

Indocyanine green fluorescent imaging is feasible in endometriosis surgery and may be considered a potential candidate to further enhance patient safety in endometriosis bowel surgery.

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VOLUME 114, ISSUE 2, P367-373

Authors:

Nicolas Bourdel, M.D, Ph.D., Lucie Jaillet, M.D., Yochay Bar-Shavit, M.D., Aurélie Comptour, Ph.D., Bruno Pereira, Ph.D., Michel Canis, M.D., Ph.D., Pauline Chauvet, M.D., Ph.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To evaluate the feasibility of using indocyanine green (ICG) to estimate the vascularization of the resected zone during a laparoscopic rectal shaving.

Design

Indocyanine green can highlight blood vascularization when injected intravenously. There is no relevant, objective, intraoperative method to assess the vascularity of the resected zone during a laparoscopic rectal shaving for deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) to prevent fistula. We conducted a registered clinical trial examining the feasibility of the use of ICG to evaluate the bowel vascularization after endometriosis rectal shaving (Institutional Review Board number 2016-002773-35).

Setting

Tertiary university hospital.

Patient(s)

Twenty-one patients underwent laparoscopic surgery for DIE with a rectal shaving.

Intervention(s)

Patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery for DIE received ICG intravenously at the end of the endometriosis resection.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

The main evaluation criteria was the fluorescence degree in the operated rectal area and in the vaginal suture. We used a visual assessment with a Likert-type scale from 0 to 4 (0 = no fluorescence; 4 = very good fluorescence).

Result(s)

No adverse reaction was recorded. Most of the patients (81%) showed very good fluorescence levels at the rectal shaving area. The protocol did not increase the operating time. In one patient we changed the surgical strategy making two stitches to bring the rectal muscularis closer together, which improved the degree of fluorescence. There was no case of digestive fistula.

Conclusion

Indocyanine green fluorescent imaging is feasible in endometriosis surgery and may be considered as a potential candidate to further enhance patient safety in endometriosis bowel surgery.

Clinical Trial Registration Number

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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