Individualized ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization: a multicenter, open label, exploratory study with a mixed protocol of follitropin delta and highly purified human menopausal gonadotropin

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Authors:

Francois Bissonnette, M.D. , Jaume Minano Masip, M.D., Isaac-Jacques Kadoch, M.D., Clifford Librach, M.D., John Sampalis, Ph.D., Albert Yuzpe, M.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To evaluate the safety profile and the number of usable blastocysts on day 5 and on day 6 after treatment with an individualized dosing regimen of a follitropin delta and highly purified human menopausal gonadotropin (HP-hMG) for controlled ovarian stimulation.


Design

Multicenter, open label, exploratory study.


Setting

Reproductive medicine clinics.


Patient(s)

A total of 110 patients (aged 18–40 years).


Intervention(s)

Follitropin delta coadministered with HP-hMG, with follitropin delta dose fixed according to an established algorithm and HP-hMG dose at 75 IU when the follitropin delta starting dosage was <12 μg; 150 IU when follitropin delta dosage was 12 μg and weight <100 kg, and 225 IU when follitropin delta dosage was 12 μg and weight ≥100 kg (dosage adjustments confined to HP-hMG only).


Main Outcome Measure(s)

Mean number of good-quality blastocysts obtained at day 5 and day 6 as well as the proportion of women with ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).


Result(s)

A cohort study was compared with the follitropin delta group from the Evidence-based Stimulation Trial with Human Recombinant Follicle-Stimulating Hormone in Europe and Rest of World 1 (ESTHER-1) study. Even when stratified by age, a statistically significantly higher mean in the number of oocytes retrieved and number of good-quality blastocysts was observed in this study compared with the ESTHER-1 trial in which follitropin delta was used alone. The rate of patients triggered with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist was statistically significantly higher in our Menopur and Rekovelle Combined Study (MARCS) cohort (43%) when compared with the rates reported in the follitropin delta cohort in the ESTHER-1 study (2.3%). Incidence of any grade of OHSS was 9.3% in the present study compared to 2.6% in follitropin delta group from ESTHER-1 trial. No cases of moderate or severe OHSS were observed in our study compared with 1.4% in the follitropin delta group of ESTHER-1.


Conclusion(s)

Optimizing the ovarian response during in vitro fertilization employing a mixed protocol of individualized dosing of follitropin delta and HP-hMG resulted in a statistically significant number of usable blastocysts on days 5 and 6 with an increased risk of mild OHSS, which did not require medical intervention or hospitalization.


Clinical Trial Registration Number

NCT03483545.

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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