To study whether a powerful, in-house, embryo-selection model can be developed for a specific in vitro fertilization (IVF) laboratory where embryos were already selected for transfer using general models.
In total, 12,944 fertilized oocytes were incubated in an EmbryoScope (Vitrolife, Göteborg, Sweden) at our laboratory. Embryos were selected for transfer or freezing using general models. There were 1,879 embryos with known implantation data (KID), of which 425 had positive KIDs. For the outcome, we set 3 endpoints for KID’s definition: gestational sac, clinical pregnancy, and live birth. Results of a comparison between KID-positive and -negative embryos for cell division timings were analyzed separately for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and IVF embryos in patients aged 18–41 years.
The study included 1,075 women undergoing IVF or ICSI treatment between June 2013 and February 2019.
Main Outcome Measure(s)
The KID-positive and -negative embryos were analyzed for statistical differences in cell division timing and cell cycle intervals. We used the EmbryoScope Stats software (Unisense FertiliTech, Aarhus, Denmark) for model development. The statistically different timing parameters were tested for their contribution to scoring in the model. The algorithms were tested for area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) in the KID embryos for developing day-2, -3, and -5 embryo-selection models. The validation of these algorithms was performed using calibration/validation procedures.
Because significant differences in morphokinetics were found between the KID-positive and KID-negative embryos in our laboratory, it was possible to use our specific KID data to develop an in-house model. The algorithms were developed for embryo selection on days 2, 3, and 5 in the ICSI embryos. In most cases, AUC was >0.65, which indicated that these models were valid in our laboratory. In addition, these AUC values were obtained from all gestational sac, clinical pregnancy, and live birth KID embryo databases tested. An increase in the predictability of the models was observed from days 2–3 to day 5 models. The AUC test results ranged between 0.657 and 0.673 for day 2 and day 3, respectively, and 0.803 for the day 5 model.
A model based on laboratory-specific morphokinetics was found to be complementary to general models and an important additive tool for improving single embryo selection. Developing an in-house laboratory-specific model requires many stages of sorting and characterization. Many insights were drawn about the model developing process. These may facilitate and improve the process in other laboratories.