Sufen Cai, M.D., Jian Li, Ph.D., Suimin Zeng, M.S., Liang Hu, M.D., Ph.D., Yangqin Peng, M.D., Sha Tang, M.D., Shufei Zeng, M.D., Chang Chu, M.D., Fei Gong, M.D., Ge Lin, M.D., Ph.D., Berthold Hocher, M.D., Ph.D.
To measure free and total 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] immediately before embryo transfer and analyze its association with early pregnancy outcome parameters such as biochemical pregnancy, implantation rate, and clinical pregnancy rates in women undergoing fresh embryo transfer after their first ovarian hyperstimulation.
Prospective cohort study.
Academically affiliated private fertility center.
A total of 2,569 women undergoing fresh embryo transfer after ovarian hyperstimulation.
Main Outcome Measure(s)
The study end points were biochemical pregnancy rate, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, ectopic pregnancy rate, early miscarriages, and ongoing pregnancy rate. Free and total 25(OH)D concentrations were measured 1 day before embryo transfer.
Total 25(OH)D correlated with free 25(OH)D. Total and free 25(OH)D serum concentrations were similar in those patients reaching and not reaching the study outcomes (biochemical pregnancy rate, implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, ectopic pregnancy rate, early miscarriages, and ongoing pregnancy rate). There was likewise no statistical difference when analyzing the frequency of all study outcomes in quintiles of either total or free 25(OH)D. In addition, the study population was divided into three groups according to the total vitamin D status based on clinical practice guideline. All outcomes were similar in women with adequate, insufficient, and deficient total 25(OH)D. Multiple linear regression analysis considering confounding likewise indicated no association of free or total vitamin D with any of the study outcomes.
Neither free nor total 25(OH)D concentration at embryo transfer was associated with successful embryo implantation in women undergoing fresh transfer after ovarian hyperstimulation.