Hysteroscopic resection for management of early pregnancy loss: a case report and literature review

Article In Press

VOLUME 3, ISSUE 2, P163-167, JUNE 01, 2022

Authors:

Stacy Young, M.D., Charles E. Miller, M.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To report a case of early pregnancy loss successfully managed by hysteroscopic resection, review the literature comparing hysteroscopic resection to dilation and curettage for retained products of conception, and review potential advantages of hysteroscopic resection over dilation and curettage for management of early pregnancy loss.


Design

Case report.


Setting

Private practice.


Patient(s)

One woman with early pregnancy loss.


Intervention(s)

Hysteroscopic resection using a mechanical morcellation device.


Main Outcome Measure(s)

Complete uterine evacuation after hysteroscopic resection as demonstrated by a normal transvaginal ultrasound and cessation of bleeding 2 weeks after surgery.


Result(s)

The hysteroscopic fluid deficit was 365 ml, with minimal blood loss. Products of conception were confirmed on pathologic examination. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. A saline infusion sonogram obtained 4 months after surgery demonstrated a normal endometrial cavity with no intrauterine adhesions.


Conclusion(s)

Surgical management of early pregnancy loss may be complicated by retained products of conception (RPOC) or intrauterine adhesion formation, which can lead to adverse fertility outcomes in the future. Hysteroscopic resection of RPOC has been associated with fewer cases of intrauterine adhesions, more cases of complete tissue removal, and earlier time to conception compared with dilation and curettage. Early pregnancy loss can also be characterized as RPOC with potentially similar benefits from hysteroscopic resection. Thus, hysteroscopic resection can be considered as an alternative surgical technique for management of early pregnancy loss. This case report demonstrates the successful application of hysteroscopic resection in a case of early pregnancy loss.