Hysteroscopic myomectomy for submucosal type 2 fibroids with cold enucleation technique and complete fibroid extraction using a double-lumen intracervical cannula

A newly designed double-lumen intracervical cannula allows complete enucleation and removal of nonfragmented submucous type 2 fibroids without electrosurgery in a single-step hysteroscopic myomectomy.

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VOLUME 115, ISSUE 2, P522-524

Authors:

Walter Osorio, M.D., Natalia Posada, M.D., John Cano, M.D., Sergio Tamayo, M.D., Juan Giraldo, M.D. 

Abstract:

Objective

To introduce a new double-lumen intracervical cannula designed to allow a single-step hysteroscopic myomectomy with nonfragmented complete fibroid extraction after cold enucleation of submucosal type 2 fibroids, avoiding complications related to the use of energy and hypo-osmolar solutions.


Design

Video article depicting the use of a new double-lumen intracervical cannula for single-step hysteroscopic cold myomectomy, according to our institutional care guidelines and after obtaining the patient’s informed consent. (The publication of this video has been authorized by the Institutional Ethics Committee of CES University in Medellín, Colombia.)


Setting(s)

Private infertility clinic.


Patient(s)

A 45-year-old woman with abnormal uterine bleeding consisting of polymenorrhea and hypermenorrhea, nonresponsive to medical treatment, caused by three type 2 (FIGO leiomyoma subclassification system) submucosal fibroids of 17, 15, and 13 mm with more than 80% of intramyometrial component.


Intervention(s)

Hysteroscopic enucleation of three submucosal fibroids performed by blunt dissection using the 30° Bettocchi hysteroscope’s bevel under continuous observation of the avascular subcapsular plane of the fibroids. Once full enucleation was attained, cervical dilatation to 12 mm with Hegar plugs was performed followed by intracervical placement of a newly designed double-lumen intracervical cannula that allows the concomitant introduction of the Bettocchi diagnostic hysteroscope and a 5-mm laparoscopic tenaculum into the uterine cavity for complete nonfragmented fibroid extraction under direct visualization.


Main Outcome Measure(s)

Complete and unfragmented fibroid extraction in a single intervention, absence of surgical complications, and postoperative course.


Result(s)

Ambulatory hysteroscopic myomectomy of three submucosal type 2 fibroids was successfully performed by blunt enucleation and complete nonfragmented fibroid extraction using the double-lumen intracervical cannula. The total operative time was 32 minutes, and the total amount of distension media (normal saline) used was 800 mL with a liquid balance of 50 mL. No surgical or anesthesia-related complications occurred. In the postsurgical evaluation, the patient classified her pain as minimal, giving it a score of 1 on a pain scale of 1 to 5 (in which 1 is the lowest and 5 the highest pain perception). When asked about the level of satisfaction with the surgical procedure, the patient reported the highest degree of satisfaction with a score of 5 on a satisfaction scale of 1 to 5 (in which 1 is the lowest and 5 the highest satisfaction). The patient reported having postsurgical regular menstrual cycles every 28 days and 3 bleeding days without hypermenorrhea.


Conclusion(s)

An efficient hysteroscopic myomectomy of submucosal type 2 fibroids with deep intramyometrial component can be performed with complete and nonfragmented fibroid extraction in a single intervention by using a newly designed double-lumen intracervical cannula. This technique allows the completion of the surgery without the need of a resectoscope, electrosurgery, or hypo-osmolar uterine distension media, thus avoiding potential complications such as thermal-induced myometrial injury and hyponatremia; a second surgical intervention will not be required because the fibroid enucleation is complete. The procedure can be performed with the use of a diagnostic hysteroscope that is widely available in gynecologic practices. (Acknowledgment: The authors thank Dr. David Olive for the invaluable help and guidance with this surgical technique and video article.)

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders.