Neil R. Chappell, M.D., Beth Zhou, M.D., Pardis Hosseinzadeh, M.D., Amy Schutt, M.D., William E. Gibbons, M.D., Chellakkan S. Blesson, Ph.D.
Hyperandrogenemia in an obese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) mouse model results in altered glucose/insulin metabolism and mitochondrial structure and function in the oocytes, in part explaining adverse outcomes and inheritance patterns seen in PCOS.
To study the oocyte quality by means of mitochondrial structure and function in a well-established classic PCOS mouse model.
Animal study using an obese PCOS mouse model compared with control.
Animal research facility in a tertiary care university hospital setting.
Three-week-old mice had subdermal implants of dihydrotestosterone controlled release pellet or placebo for 90 days.
Main Outcome Measure(s)
The mouse model was validated by performing glucose tolerance test and glycated hemoglobin level, body weight, and estrous cycle analyses. Oocytes were subsequently isolated and were used to investigate mitochondrial membrane potential, oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation, adenosine triphosphate production, mitochondrial DNA copy number, transcript abundance, histology, and mitochondrial ultrastructure.
Results showed glucose intolerance and hyperinsulinemia along with dysregulated estrus cycle. Analysis of the oocytes indicated impaired inner mitochondrial membrane function, increased adenosine triphosphate production and mitochondrial DNA copy number, altered RNA transcript abundance, and aberrant ovarian histology. Electron microscopy of the oocytes revealed severely impaired mitochondrial ultrastructure.
The obese PCOS mouse model shows a decreased oocyte quality related to impaired mitochondrial function.