Electroejaculation in men with spinal cord injury: a step-by-step video demonstration

Electroejaculation is a safe and reliable method for induction of ejaculation in men with spinal cord injury who fail a trial of penile vibratory stimulation.

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VOLUME 115, ISSUE 5, P1344-1346

Authors:

Emad Ibrahim, M.D., Teodoro C. Aballa, M.S., Nancy L. Brackett, Ph.D., Charles M. Lynne, M.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To demonstrate the proper technique to perform electroejacuation (EEJ) in men with spinal cord injury (SCI) for the purpose of inducing ejaculation.


Design

A video demonstration of the proper technique to perform EEJ in men with SCI using the Seager model 14 electroejaculation machine.


Setting

Major university medical center.


Patient(s)

Men with SCI; institutional review board approval was obtained, and all subjects signed an informed consent form.


Intervention(s)

Spinal cord injury occurs mostly in young men where the majority suffer from ejaculatory dysfunction. The method of choice to induce ejaculation in penile vibratory stimulation (PVS). PVS is successful in 86% of men with SCI whose level of injury is T10 or rostral. If PVS fails or the level is Caudal to T10, the patient is referred for EEJ. This video will demonstrate the proper technique for successful ejaculation using EEJ. Patients with history of autonomic dysreflexia or their level of injury is T6 or rostral are pretreated with 10–20 mg of nifedipine sublingually 10 minutes before stimulation. The patient is then placed in the lateral decubitus position. The bladder is emptied, and a buffer is instilled. An anoscopy is performed, and a rectal probe is placed. A current is delivered until an antegrade ejaculation is retrieved. A retrograde specimen is collected and examined for sperm identification. Patients with complete SCI (no sensory or motor function is preserved in sacral segments S4–S5) can undergo EEJ without anesthesia. Patients with incomplete SCI (significant nerve sparing or normal sensations) will experience pain during stimulation, and general anesthesia is recommended without the use of muscle relaxing agents.


Main Outcome Measure(s)

Successful ejaculation after performing EEJ in men with SCI.


Result(s)

Electroejacuation is successful in 95% of men with SCI and in nearly 100% if general anesthesia is used. Outcomes of in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection after EEJ showed 37.5% pregnancy rate per cycle, 50.0% pregnancy rate per couple, 33.3% live birth rate per cycle, and 43.8% live birth rate per couple. No complications due to EEJ were observed in 953 trials, and none occurred in the patients presented in this video demonstration.


Conclusion(s)

Electroejacuation is a safe and reliable method for induction of ejaculation in men with SCI who fail a trial of PVS.

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders.