Criteria to evaluate patterns of segmental and complete aneuploidies in preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy results suggestive of an inherited balanced translocation or inversion

Genetics

Like Comment
Related Content

VOLUME 2, ISSUE 1, P72-79, MARCH 01, 2021

Authors:

Alyssa C. Snider, Ph.D., C.G.C., Tristan Darvin, M.S., Lauren Spor, B.S., Adedoyin Akinwole, M.P.H., Cengiz Cinnioglu, Ph.D., Refik Kayali, Ph.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To define criteria for determining when preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) results are suggestive of a potential balanced chromosomal rearrangement in the egg or sperm source and warrant karyotyping.


Design

Performance evaluation of criteria developed to assess PGT-A results for patterns of imbalances suggestive of a balanced chromosomal rearrangement in the egg or sperm source.


Setting

A single PGT-A laboratory and multiple in vitro fertilization centers.


Patients

Reproductive couples who underwent routine PGT-A testing.


Interventions

Karyotyping of reproductive couples for whom patterns of imbalances observed in PGT-A results suggested a balanced chromosomal rearrangement in the egg or sperm source.


Main Outcome Measures

Correct or incorrect flagging of predicted translocation in either the egg or sperm source based on chromosome analysis.


Results

Proposed criteria correctly predicted a balanced reciprocal translocation in 97% of cases (n = 33), a (13;14) Robertsonian translocation in all cases (n = 3), and an inversion in all cases (n = 2). Other criteria evaluated were determined to be ineffective because of relatively low occurrences that met the criteria and/or low predictive value.


Conclusions

Our results showed that the proposed criteria were effective for evaluating patterns of imbalances observed in PGT-A results suggestive of a potential chromosomal rearrangement in the egg or sperm source. Our proposed criteria can be employed by clinicians in the in vitro fertilization setting in combination with a patient’s reproductive history to identify PGT-A patients who are likely carriers of balanced chromosomal rearrangements.

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders.