Comparison of aneuploidy rates between conventional in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection in in vitro fertilization–intracytoplasmic sperm injection split insemination cycles

Assisted Reproduction

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VOLUME 1, ISSUE 3, P277-281, DECEMBER 01, 2020

Authors:

Jie Deng, M.D., Ph.D., Olutunmike Kuyoro, M.D., Qianying Zhao, M.S., Barry Behr, Ph.D., Ruth B. Lathi, M.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To evaluate the influence of insemination methods on outcomes of preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) by assessing PGT-A results in embryos that derived from conventional in vitro fertilization (IVF) versus intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in sibling oocytes.


Design

Retrospective cohort study.


Setting

Single academic IVF center.


Patient(s)

A total of 118 couples who underwent 131 split insemination cycles from July 2016–July 2019.


Intervention(s)

In all cycles, sibling oocytes were allocated randomly to conventional IVF or ICSI prior to stripping. Preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy was performed via trophectoderm biopsy and next-generation sequencing with 24-chromosome screening.


Main Outcome Measure(s)

Rates of euploid, aneuploid, and mosaic embryos per biopsy.


Result(s)

A total of 2,129 oocytes were randomized to conventional IVF (n = 1,026) and ICSI (n = 1,103). No difference was observed in the aneuploidy rates (50.3% vs. 45.2%) and percentages of mosaic embryos (1.7% vs. 2.4%) per biopsy between conventional IVF and ICSI sibling oocytes. Percentages of different aneuploidy types and aneuploidies that involved sex chromosome abnormalities (6.2% vs. 7.2%) were similar between the two groups. In the end, the overall chance to have an euploid embryo per allocated oocyte in the two groups was similar (13.2% vs. 15.5%).


Conclusion(s)

Blastocysts created with conventional IVF and ICSI using sibling oocytes had similar rates of aneuploidy and mosaicism as examined using 24-chromosome screening. It is unlikely that conventional IVF caused significant contamination during PGT-A. We recommend conventional IVF as the preferred insemination method in PGT-A cycles, and ICSI should be indicated only in cases of male-factor infertility.

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.