A case of didelphys uterus: tackling the double trouble adenomyosis and infertility

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A case of didelphys uterus: tackling the double trouble adenomyosis and infertility
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Authors:

Vimee Bindra, M.S., C. Archana Reddy, D.G.O., P. Swetha, M.S., Nori Madhavi, M.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To present a case of didelphys uterus with severe pelvic pain and primary infertility with focal adenomyosis of outer myometrium (FOAM) of the left hemiuterus and tips and tricks for hemihysterectomy as a fertility preserving surgery.


Design

Descriptive step-by-step video demonstration of a case of didelphys uterus with adenomyosis of the hemiuterus. Local institutional review board approval for publication was obtained.


Setting

Endometriosis Centre, Apollo Hospitals, Hyderabad, India.


Patient(s)

Women with uterus didelphys with FOAM of the left hemiuterus with severe pelvic pain and infertility.


Intervention(s)

A 30-year-old woman presented with chronic pelvic pain and severe progressive dysmenorrhea with primary infertility for 3 years. She was diagnosed with uterus didelphys and longitudinal vaginal septum 3 years back and underwent hysteroscopy for septal resection and diagnostic laparoscopy for pain in an outside setting; however, no laparoscopic intervention was performed. The patient was diagnosed with FOAM of the left hemiuterus involving 75% of the hemiuterus. After detailed discussion and counseling regarding different options, laparoscopic hemihysterectomy was performed as pelvic pain relief was a major expected outcome along with fertility preservation.


Main Outcome Measure(s)

Pain relief with improved quality of life and fertility preservation.


Result(s)

The postoperative period was uneventful. The patient was discharged on the second postoperative day with no complaints. Her chronic pelvic pain and dysmenorrhea resolved. She was not prescribed any medication after the surgery. During the routine follow-up, she had a regular menstrual cycle with a visual analogue score of 0/10.


Conclusion(s)

The safe removal of a hemiuterus in case of a didelphys uterus with pathology of hemiuterus through a minimally invasive technique is possible, which cures the pain caused by adenomyosis and enables quick recovery while preserving future fertility.

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