Self identification of the clinical fertile window and the ovulation period

Cervical mucus resulting from estrogen changes, observed by self-inspection, is 88% sensitive in identifying a 2-day OW, as confirmed by daily ultrasound.

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Authors

Rene Ecochard, M.D., Ph.D., Olivia Duterque, M.D., Rene Leiva, M.D., Thomas Bouchard, M.D., Pilar Vigil, M.D.

Volume 103, Issue 5, Pages 1319-1325

Abstract

Objective:

To assess the sensitivity and specificity of the self-identified fertile window.

Design:

Observational study.

Setting:

Not applicable.

Patient(s):

A total of 107 women.

Intervention(s):

Women recorded cervical mucus observation and basal body temperature daily while undergoing daily ovarian ultrasound.

Main Outcome Measure(s):

The biological fertile window, defined as the 6 days up to and including the day of ovulation; and the 2-day ovulation window, defined as the day before and the day of ovulation.

Result(s):

The self-identification of the biological fertile window by the observation of any type of cervical mucus provides 100% sensitivity but poor specificity, yielding a clinical fertile window of 11 days. However, the identification of the biological fertile window by peak mucus (defined as clear, slippery, or stretchy mucus related to estrogen) yielded 96% sensitivity and improved specificity. The appearance of the peak mucus preceded the biological fertile window in less than 10% of the cycles. Likewise, this type of mucus identified the ovulation window with 88% sensitivity.

Conclusion(s):

These results suggest that, when perceived accurately, more accurate clinical self-detection of the fertile window can be obtained by identification of peak mucus. This may improve efforts to focus intercourse in the fertile phase for couples with fertility concerns.

Read the full text at: http://www.fertstert.org/article/S0015-0282(15)00078-3/fulltext


Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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