Fredirc Mitri, M.D., Robert F. Casper, M.D.
Volume 103, Issue 4, Pages 886–887.e1
Endometriosis is a benign inflammatory disease defined by the presence of endometrial glands and stroma in areas outside the uterus. It is estimated to affect 5%–15% of women of reproductive age and is even more prevalent among women with chronic pelvic pain and infertility. Endometriotic implants may be located anywhere within the pelvis, including the ovaries, ovarian fossa, pelvic peritoneum, rectovaginal septum, uterosacral ligaments, and cul-de sac. In some cases, ovarian endometriotic cysts (endometriomas) may be observed by ultrasound imaging.
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