Synchronous regulation of the determinants of endometrial receptivity to interleukin 1 at key stages of early embryo implantation in vivo

The expression kinetics of IL-1R display synchronic changes with key events during early gestation and embryo implantation in vivo.


Amélie Bourdiec, M.Sc., Valéry Martel, B.Sc., Ali Akoum, Ph.D.

Volume 101, Issue 4, Pages 1183-1193



To investigate the expression kinetics of interleukin-1 receptors (IL-1R), receptor antagonist (IL-1RN), and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) throughout early gestation in mice.


Assessment of IL-1R, IL-1RN, and MCP-1 throughout early pregnancy.


Reproduction laboratory.


B6C3F1 female mice bred with fertile males of the same strain.


Collection of endometrial tissue at necropsy from nonimplanted and implanted sites.

Main Outcome Measure(s):

IL-1R, IL-1RN, and MCP-1 mRNA expression by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and protein expression by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunohistochemistry.


The expression of the signaling IL-1R1 significantly increased in the first 2 days of gestation, which corresponded to the inflammatory-like period triggered by the seminal fluid, before increasing again at the implantation window and lasting throughout embryo implantation. The expression of inhibitory IL-1R2 and IL-1RN concomitantly increased during gestational days 1–2 but remained low, particularly within the embryo implantation sites and throughout the implantation period. The expression of MCP-1 significantly increased only at the embryo implantation sites and showed a significant positive correlation with IL-1R1 expression.


Our data identified for the first time synchronous changes in endometrial IL-1R throughout early gestation in vivo and point to a deep modulation of endometrial receptivity to IL-1 by embryo-driven signals. This may play a key role in the creation of a receptive phenotype in the maternal endometrium and represent a key mechanism underlying embryo implantation.

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