Aromatase and estrogen resistance α deficiency

Mutations in the aromatase or estrogen receptor a genes severely restrict estrogen formation or action but are still compatible with life.

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Authors

Serdar E. Bulun, M.D.

Volume 101, Issue 2, Pages 323-329, February 2014

Abstract

Studies on the phenotypes of women and men with mutations disrupting estrogen biosynthesis and action have significantly advanced our knowledge of the physiologic roles of estrogen in humans. Aromatase deficiency results from autosomal recessive inheritance of mutations in the CYP19A1 gene. It gives rise to ambiguous genitalia in 46,XX fetuses. At puberty, affected girls have hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, do not develop secondary sexual characteristics, and exhibit progressive virilization. The affected 46,XY men have normal male sexual differentiation and pubertal maturation. These men, however, are extremely tall and have eunucoid proportions with continued linear growth into adulthood, severely delayed epiphyseal closure, and osteoporosis due to estrogen deficiency. Although estrogen has been shown to be essential for normal sperm production and function in mice, its role in fertility is not clear in men. Thus far, one man and an unrelated woman with estrogen resistance due to mutations in the estrogen receptor α (ESR1) gene have been described. Their clinical presentations are similar to that of aromatase-deficient men and women.

Read the full text at: http://www.fertstert.org/article/S0015-0282(13)03454-7/fulltext


Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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