Ontogeny of the ovary in polycystic ovary syndrome

Ovarian hyperandrogenism, hyperinsulinemia from insulin resistance, and altered intrafollicular paracrine signaling influence ovarian morphology, follicle survival, and growth as well as oocyte development in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

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Authors

Daniel A. Dumesic, M.D., JoAnne S. Richards, Ph.D.

Volume 100, Issue 1, Pages 23-38, July 2013

Abstract

Activation of primordial follicles into the growing pool, selection of the dominant follicle and its eventual ovulation require complex endocrine and metabolic interactions, as well as intraovarian paracrine signals to coordinate granulosa cell proliferation, theca cell differentiation and oocyte maturation. Early preantral follicle development relies mostly upon mesenchymal-epithelial cell interactions, intraovarian paracrine signals and oocyte-secreted factors, while development of the antral follicle depends upon circulating gonadotropins as well as locally-derived regulators. In women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), ovarian hyperandrogenism, hyperinsulinemia from insulin resistance and altered intrafollicular paracrine signaling perturb activation, survival, growth and selection of follicles, causing accumulation of small antral follicles within the periphery of the ovary, giving it a polycystic morphology. Altered adipocyte-ovarian interactions further compound these adverse events on follicle development and also can harm the oocyte, particularly in the presence of increased adiposity. Finally endocrine antecedents of PCOS occur in female infants born to PCOS mothers and suggest that interactions between genes and the maternal-fetal hormonal environment may program ovarian function after birth.

Read the full text at: http://www.fertstert.org/article/S0015-0282(13)00268-9/fulltext


Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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