Effect of maternal height and weight on risk of preterm birth in singleton and twin births resulting from in vitro fertilization: a retrospective cohort study using the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System

Overweight significantly increases the risk of very early preterm and very preterm births in twins conceived by IVF.

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Richard P. Dickey, M.D., Ph.D., Xu Xiong, M.D., Dr.P.H., Rebekah E. Gee, M.D., M.P.H., Gabriella Pridjian, M.D.

Volume 97, Issue 2 , Pages 349-354



To examine the effect of height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) on the risk of preterm birth of singleton and twin pregnancies conceived by vitro fertilization (IVF).


Retrospective cohort study using 2006–2008 data from the Society for Reproductive Technology Clinic Outcome Reporting System (SART CORS).


SART-associated assisted reproductive technology programs.


56,556 singleton and 23,804 twin live births resulting from fresh nondonor IVF cycles.



Main Outcome Measure(s):

Rates of very early preterm (VEPTB; 35 kg/m2) twins were associated with a threefold increased risk of VEPTB (6.1% vs. 2.0%) and a twofold increased risk of VPTB (11.5% vs. 5.9%) compared with women of normal weight (BMI 18.4–24.9 kg/m2).


Obesity and short stature significantly increase the risk of VEPTB and VPTB in twins conceived by IVF.

Read the full text at: http://www.fertstert.org/article/S0015-0282(11)02793-2/fulltext

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Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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