Characterization of the role of Activator Protein 1 signaling pathway on extracellular matrix deposition in uterine leiomyoma

Reproductive Diseases

VOLUME 1, ISSUE 1, P78-89


Justin Pilgrim, M.D., Jacquel Arismendi, Ph.D., Anthony DeAngelis, M.D., Ph.D.,
Terrence Lewis, M.D., Ph.D., Joy Britten, M.D., Minnie Malik, Ph.D., William H. Catherino, M.D., Ph.D.



To characterize the role Activator Protein 1 (AP 1) family members play in mediating extracellular matrix deposition in uterine leiomyoma.


Laboratory study.


University research laboratory.


Exposure of leiomyoma and myometrial cell lines to either an AP 1 inhibitor alone, AP 1 inhibitor plus transforming growth factor (TGF)ß3, or TGFß3 alone.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

Western immunoblot analysis was performed to assess for changes in AP 1 family member protein expression.


In patient-matched myometrial and leiomyoma cell lines, the only AP 1 member found to be elevated significantly in leiomyoma compared with myometrium was FOSB (3.47 ± 0.12-fold), whereas others were decreased significantly: FRA1 (0.67 ± 0.02-fold), FRA2 (0.45 ± 0.01-fold), c FOS (0.37 ± 0.01-fold), Phos c FOS (0.19 ± 0.02-fold), Phos c JUN (0.75 ± 0.02-fold), JUNB (0.81 ± 0.04-fold), and JUND (0.65 ± 0.03-fold). c JUN (0.93 ± 0.03-fold) concentration was reduced but at nonsignificant levels. Following stimulation with TGF ß 3, fibronectin (2.16 ± 0.14-fold) and versican (4.71 ± 0.15-fold) protein concentrations were increased at 24 hours. Collagen 1A demonstrated a time-dependent significant increased concentration beginning at 6 hours (1.32 ± 0.01-fold) and increased to (6.49 ± 0.02-fold) at 24 hours. Following treatment with AP 1 inhibitor (SR11302), there were significant reductions in Collagen 1A concentration at 4 hours (0.59 ± 0.03-fold) and 6 hours (0.42 ± 0.05-fold). Activator Protein 1 inhibition did not reduce significantly versican concentration until 6 hours of treatment (0.84 ± 0.04-fold). SR11302 also decreased significantly fibronectin concentration (0.68 ± 0.05-fold) at 8 hours of treatment.


Activator Protein 1 signaling is well described in fibrotic diseases, and, herein, we demonstrated that signaling via AP 1 family members promotes extracellular matrix deposition in leiomyoma.

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