April 2020

Volume 113, Issue 4

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Views and reviews

An update on uterine cervix pathologies related to infertility
Jacques Donnez
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 683–684

Reproductive and oncologic outcomes after fertility-sparing surgery for early stage cervical cancer: a systematic review
Camran Nezhat, Robert A. Roman, Anupama Rambhatla, Farr Nezhat
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 685–703

Cesarean scar defects: management of an iatrogenic pathology whose prevalence has dramatically increased
Olivier Donnez
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 704–716

Laparoscopic abdominal cerclage: a highly effective option for refractory cervical insufficiency
Nisse V. Clark, Jon I. Einarsson
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 717–722

Current knowledge about the management of congenital cervical malformations: a literature review
Themistoklis Mikos, Stephan Gordts, Grigoris F. Grimbizis
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 723–732

Fertile battle

Restoring fertility after tubal ligation in women 40 years of age and older: How do we counsel our patients?
William D. Schlaff
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 733–734

Restoring fertility in women aged 40 years and older after tubal ligation: tubal anastomosis versus in vitro fertilization
Jamie Peregrine, Peter G. McGovern, Paula C. Brady, Elizabeth S. Ginsburg, William Schlaff
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 735–742


Respecting autonomy—a call for truth in commercial advertising for planned oocyte cryopreservation
Michelle J. Bayefsky, Alan H. DeCherney, Louise P. King
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 743–744

Seminal contributions

Endometrial thickness is associated with incidence of small-for-gestational-age infants in fresh in vitro fertilization–intracytoplasmic sperm injection and embryo transfer cycles
Zizhen Guo, Xinxin Xu, Lin Zhang, Liping Zhang, Lei Yan, Jinlong Ma
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 745–752


Beware a web of associations: endometrial thickness and small for gestational age babies
Anna Greer, Elizabeth Ginsburg
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 753–754

Predicting patency after vasovasostomy and heterogeneity in defining success
Ryan Sun, Premal Patel
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Page 755

Beauty (quality) is in the eye of the convoluted neural network
Kathryn J. Go
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 756–757

Creating a national database that is inclusive of all infertility therapies: a notion whose time has come
Steven D. Spandorfer
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Page 758

The importance of meaningful measurement of psychological constructs in the evaluation of positive patient experiences in fertility care
Mary P. Riddle
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 759–760

Ovarian reserve tests: Are they only a quantitative measure?
Carlo Alviggi, Sandro C. Esteves, Alessandro Conforti
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 761–762

To suppress or not to suppress? If that is the question, has it been answered?
Eric S. Surrey
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 763–764

Fertility preservation in women with endometriosis: speculations are finally over, the time for real data is initiated
Edgardo Somigliana, Paolo Vercellini
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 765–766

Premature ovarian insufficiency: step-by-step genetics bring new insights
Philippe Touraine
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 767–768

The search must go on—for patients with recurrent pregnancy loss
Human M. Fatemi, Barbara Lawrenz
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 769–770

Stress does not appear to negatively affect testicular function in infertile men
R. Matthew Coward
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Page 771

Unicornuate uterus and the noncommunicating functional horn: continued debate on the diagnosis, classification, and treatment
Artur Ludwin, Steven R. Lindheim
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 772–773


Vasovasostomy: kinetics and predictors of patency
Nicholas J. Farber, Ryan Flannigan, Arnav Srivastava, Hanhan Wang, Marc Goldstein
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 774–780.e3

Assisted reproduction

Consistency and objectivity of automated embryo assessments using deep neural networks
Charles L. Bormann, Prudhvi Thirumalaraju, Manoj Kumar Kanakasabapathy, Hemanth Kandula, Irene Souter, Irene Dimitriadis, Raghav Gupta, Rohan Pooniwala, Hadi Shafiee
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 781–787.e1

Comparison of pregnancy outcomes following intrauterine insemination in young women with decreased versus normal ovarian reserve
Ashley W. Tiegs, Li Sun, Richard T. Scott Jr., Linnea R. Goodman
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 788–796.e4

Patient-centered care: factors associated with reporting a positive experience at United States fertility clinics
Lisa M. Shandley, Heather S. Hipp, Jake Anderson-Bialis, Deborah Anderson-Bialis, Sheree L. Boulet, Laurie J. McKenzie, Jennifer F. Kawwass
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 797–810

Natural cycle frozen-thawed embryo transfer in young women with regular menstrual cycles increases the live-birth rates compared with hormone replacement treatment: a retrospective cohort study
Xitong Liu, Wenhao Shi, Juanzi Shi
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 811–817

Early pregnancy

Diminished ovarian reserve in recurrent pregnancy loss: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Sarah J. Bunnewell, Emma R. Honess, Amar M. Karia, Stephen D. Keay, Bassel H. Al Wattar, Siobhan Quenby
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 818–827.e3


Ultralong administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists before in vitro fertilization improves fertilization rate but not clinical pregnancy rate in women with mild endometriosis: a prospective, randomized, controlled trial
Apostolos Kaponis, Grigoris Chatzopoulos, Minas Paschopoulos, Ioannis Georgiou, Vaggelis Paraskevaidis, Konstantinos Zikopoulos, Konstantinos Tsiveriotis, Fuminori Taniguchi, George Adonakis, Tasuku Harada
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 828–835

Fertility preservation

Oocyte vitrification for fertility preservation in women with endometriosis: an observational study
Ana Cobo, Juan Giles, Stefania Paolelli, Antonio Pellicer, José Remohí, Juan Antonio García-Velasco
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 836–844


Novel pathogenic mutations in minichromosome maintenance complex component 9 (MCM9) responsible for premature ovarian insufficiency
Ting Guo, Ye Zheng, Guangyu Li, Shidou Zhao, Jinlong Ma, Yingying Qin
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 845–852

Higher chromosomal abnormality rate in blastocysts from young patients with idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss
Xin-Yan Liu, Qi Fan, Jing Wang, Rong Li, Yan Xu, Jing Guo, Yi-Zi Wang, Yan-Hong Zeng, Chen-Hui Ding, Bing Cai, Can-Quan Zhou, Yan-Wen Xu
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 853–864

Mental health

Psychological stress, stressful life events, male factor infertility, and testicular function: a cross-sectional study
Elvira V. Bräuner, Loa Nordkap, Lærke Priskorn, Åse Marie Hansen, Anne Kirstine Bang, Stine A. Holmboe, Lone Schmidt, Tina K. Jensen, Niels Jørgensen
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 865–875

Reproductive endocrinology

Adjusting antimüllerian hormone levels for age and body mass index improves detection of polycystic ovary syndrome
Glenn E. Palomaki, Bhanu Kalra, Tanya Kumar, Amita S. Patel, Gopal Savjani, Laura C. Torchen, Andrea Dunaif, Anthony Morrison, Geralyn M. Lambert-Messerlian, Ajay Kumar
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 876–884.e2


Unicornuate uterus with noncommunicating functional horn: diagnostic workup and laparoscopic horn amputation
Mohamed Mabrouk, Alessandro Arena, Margherita Zanello, Diego Raimondo, Renato Seracchioli
Vol 113 | No. 4 | April 2020 | Pages 885–887

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders.