Gestational surrogacy: medical, psychosocial, and legal considerations

An overview of the medical, psychological, legal, and international perspectives of gestational surrogacy is presented.

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Volume 113, Issue 5, Pages 889–891


Susan C. Klock, Ph.D., Steven R. Lindheim, M.D., M.M.M.


Gestational surrogacy can provide an effective family-building method for women whose uterus is absent or dysfunctional and with contraindications to pregnancy, single men, and same-sex male couples. Over the past 30 years, gestational surrogacy cases have represented a growing percentage of third-party reproduction cases, both in the United States and internationally. The following series of articles provides a summary of current topics in optimizing GS arrangements. They focus on medical and psychological screening; psychosocial adjustment of carriers, children, and their families; legal considerations with precedent-setting cases that every clinician should know; and an international overview of cross-border surrogacy.

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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders.