Endometrial thickness is associated with incidence of small-for-gestational-age infants in fresh in vitro fertilization–intracytoplasmic sperm injection and embryo transfer cycles

After fresh in vitro fertilization with embryo transfer, the risk of small for gestational age infants was increased twofold in women with endometrial thickness ≤7.5 mm compared with >12 mm.

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Volume 113, Issue 4, Pages 745–752

Authors:

Zizhen Guo, M.D., Xinxin Xu, M.D., Lin Zhang, Ph.D., Liping Zhang, M.D., Lei Yan, M.D., Ph.D., Jinlong Ma, M.D. Ph.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To investigate whether endometrial thickness (EMT) is associated with adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes in fresh in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection–embryo transfer (IVF/ICSI–ET) cycles.

Design

Retrospective cohort study.

Setting

University-based reproductive medical center.

Patient(s)

Women under the age of 42 years who underwent IVF/ICSI treatment and received fresh ET in our unit from January 2017 to December 2018, resulting in a live singleton birth.

Intervention(s)

Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and IVF/ICSI; fresh ET.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

Birth weight, gestational age, small for gestational age (SGA), large for gestational age (LGA), placenta previa, placental abruption, hypertensive disorders, and gestational diabetes mellitus.

Result(s)

The risk of being born SGA was statistically significantly increased in the EMT ≤7.5 mm group compared with those from the EMT >12 mm group (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.391; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.155–4.950). Moreover, maternal body mass index, secondary infertility, preterm delivery, and hypertensive disorders were all independent predictors for SGA. The mean birth weights of singletons in women with EMT ≤7.5 mm were lower than in the groups with EMT >7.5–12 mm and EMT >12 mm (3.25 ± 0.56 kg vs. 3.38 ± 0.51 kg and 3.39 ± 0.53 kg, respectively).

Conclusion(s)

After fresh IVF/ICSI–ET, the risk of SGA was increased twofold in women with EMT ≤7.5 mm compared with women with EMT >12 mm. We suggest that women with a thin EMT after obtaining a pregnancy by IVF should receive improved prenatal care to reduce the risk of delivering a SGA infant.


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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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