The precise ovarian volume is significantly associated with serum concentrations of antimüllerian hormone, the luteinizing hormone/follicle-stimulating hormone ratio, and total testosterone

The precise ovarian volume shows significant positive associations with circulating concentrations of antimullerian hormone and total testosterone as well as the luteinizing hormone/follicle-stimulating hormone ratio.

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Volume 113, Issue 2, Pages 453–459


Yu Wakimoto, M.D., Ph.D., Susanne Elisabeth Pors, Ph.D., Jesús Cadenas, Ph.D., Lotte Colmorn, M.D., Ph.D., Erik Ernst, M.D., Ph.D., Margit Dueholm, M.D., Ph.D., Jens Fedder, M.D., Ph.D., Linn S. Mamsen, Ph.D., Stine Gry Kristensen, Ph.D., Claus Yding Andersen, D.M.Sc.



To evaluate potential associations between concentrations of antimüllerian hormone (AMH) and T as well as the LH/FSH ratio and the unbiased precise ovarian volume obtained after unilateral ovariectomy.


Cohort study.


University hospital.


A total of 765 patients having one ovary surgically removed for fertility preservation. Inclusion criteria were age >15 years and ovarian volume <25 mL; 386 women had one or more hormone parameter (AMH, LH, FSH, or total T) determined before oophorectomy.



Main Outcome Measure(s)

A precise weight of the ovary was equated with ovarian volume. Associations between ovarian volume and AMH, the LH/FSH ratio, T concentrations, and body mass index (BMI) were evaluated. Patient characteristics in relation to ovarian volume cutoff values between 8 and 12 mL were also examined.


Ovarian volume was significantly positively associated with concentrations of AMH, the LH/FSH ratio, and T. Ovarian volume, concentrations of AMH and LH, and the LH/FSH ratio were significantly augmented in women having ovarian volumes above a threshold of 8, 9, and 10 mL compared with those below. Average age, FSH, and T concentrations did not differ between below and above the 10 mL threshold. There was a significant association between BMI and ovarian volume and BMI and T, while other hormone parameters were nonsignificant.


The precise ovarian volume reflected ovarian activity measured as circulating concentrations of AMH and T as well as the LH/FSH ratio. These significant associations showed continuous progression, and a 10 mL threshold offered no clear difference compared with other volume threshold values.

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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders.