Volume 110, Issue 5, Pages 783–789
Suneeta Senapati, M.D., M.S.C.E
Infertility, may be a harbinger for future health risk in women, including early mortality. Fertility status itself could serve as an early biomarker, (present in a woman's reproductive years) for risk stratification later in life. The relationship between infertility and early mortality involves the impact of nulliparity on future adverse health events, potential sequelae from the underlying cause(s) of infertility, the risks of fertility treatments, as well as the potential for risk reduction from a healthy pregnancy. This complex interplay coupled with difficulties ascertaining infertility on a population level has presented unique challenges to assessing infertility and early mortality risk. With further study, a better understanding the role of fertility status in health at various stages of life may provide unique opportunities for surveillance and risk reduction.