The current status of oocyte banks: domestic and international perspectives

We review the history and current status of oocyte banks in the United States and internationally.

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Volume 110, Issue 7, Pages 1203–1208


Alexander M. Quaas, M.D., Ph.D., Guido Pennings, Ph.D.


Two major breakthroughs in the field of assisted reproduction—oocyte donation and oocyte vitrification—have joined forces to create the rapidly emerging phenomenon of commercial egg banks (CEBs). In this review, we examine the history of this concept, the operational models, the geographical variations, and the benefits and pitfalls of CEBs, including the ethical and legal dilemmas arising from gamete mobility. We highlight future directions in the brave new world of third-party reproduction.

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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders.