Virginity-sparing management of blind hemivagina in obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly syndrome

Virginity sparing management of blind hemivagina is successful and minimally invasive using transrectal ultrasound-guided vaginoscopic septoplasty supported by pre- and postoperative 3-dimensional sonovaginocervicography and virtual speculoscopy.

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Volume 110, Issue 5, Pages 976–978

Authors:

Artur Ludwin, M.D., Ph.D., Inga Ludwin, M.D., Ph.D., Bala Bhagavath, M.D., Wellington P. Martins, M.D., Ph.D., Steven R. Lindheim, M.D., M.M.M.

Abstract:

Objectives

To demonstrate the hymen-sparing management of a blind hemivagina in obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA) syndrome with the use of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)–guided vaginoscopic septoplasty supported by pre- and postoperative diagnostics with the use of a novel ultrasound technique: 3-dimensional saline-solution infusion contrast sonovaginocervicography (3D-SVC) with virtual speculoscopy.

Design

Video presentation of surgical and ultrasound techniques.

Setting

University hospital and two private centers.

Patient(s)

We are demonstrating four cases with blind hemivagina as a component of OHVIRA syndrome and varying level and features of obstruction including: 1) hemihydrocolpos; 2) hemihematocolpos; 3) “old blood” deposits in small hemivagina; and 4) narrow hymenal opening.

Interventions(s)

The patients were diagnosed preoperatively by means of 3D-SVC with the use of TRUS. Surgery was planned according to available data from ultrasound and 3D-SVC, and the place of incision of the vaginal septum and blinded hemivagina with cervix were performed with the use of TRUS guidance. Wide septal incision was performed with the use of a monopolar or bipolar resectoscope with needle Collin electrode, and after incision the occult second of double cervix or part of septate cervix was visualized, and the septum was excised with the use of a loop electrode. In narrow hymenal opening, a small diagnostic sheath was used for wide septal incision. Anatomic results in the vagina were assessed with the use of 3D-SVC 2 months after surgery.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

Agreement between imaging from preoperative diagnostics with the use of 3D-SVC and intraoperative findings, and anatomic (hymenal integrity, obstruction, status of vagina and cervix) and clinical outcomes (pain).

Result(s)

In these four cases, 3D-SVC accurately recognized the morphology of blind hemivagina, oblique vaginal septa, and double or septate cervix. Successful minimally invasive wide septoplasty with preservation of hymen were performed with the use of hysteroscope and TRUS guidance. Concomitant laparoscopy was performed if endometriosis and hematosalpinx were present. No peri- or late postoperative complications occurred. Patients were discharged within 3 hours or within 12 hours in case of laparoscopy. Anatomic results were optimal (lack of septum) or suboptimal (wide opening) after septum resection and incision, respectively, without recurrence of obstruction according to 3D-SVC. Pain was not noticed 2 months after the primary surgery.

Conclusion(s)

3D-SVC is a useful and accurate technique in diagnosis, surgery planning, and postoperative assessment in women with blind hemivagina and intact hymen. TRUS-guided vaginoscopic septoplasty is a reasonable alternative to traditional vaginal surgery and allows hymen preservation.


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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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