Systematic review of climate change effects on reproductive health

This review identifies evidence for adverse impacts of climate change on fertility and obstetric outcomes in human and non-human mammalian species. Among humans, vulnerable populations are at highest risk.
Systematic review of climate change effects on reproductive health

VOLUME 118, ISSUE 2, P215-223


Thalia R. Segal, M.D., Linda C. Giudice, M.D., Ph.D., M.Sc. 


Climate change is a major risk factor for overall health, including reproductive health, and well-being. Increasing temperatures, due mostly to increased greenhouse gases trapping excess heat in the atmosphere, result in erratic weather patterns, wildfires, displacement of large communities, and stagnant water resulting in vector-borne diseases that, together, have set the stage for new and devastating health threats across the globe. These conditions disproportionately affect disadvantaged and vulnerable populations, including women, pregnant persons, young children, the elderly, and the disabled. This review reports on the evidence for the adverse impacts of air pollution, wildfires, heat stress, floods, toxic chemicals, and vector-borne diseases on male and female fertility, the developing fetus, and obstetric outcomes. Reproductive health care providers are uniquely positioned and have an unprecedented opportunity to educate patients and policy makers about mitigating the impact of climate change to assure reproductive health in this and future generations.

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