Pre-, intra-, and postoperative management of Robert's uterus

We discuss how three-dimensional ultrasound techniques seem to be the best tool for complex pre- and postoperative management of Robert’s uterus.

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Volume 110, Issue 4, Pages 778–779


Artur Ludwin, M.D., Ph.D., Inga Ludwin, M.D., Ph.D., Bala Bhagavath, M.D., Steven R. Lindheim, M.D., M.M.M.



To demonstrate a minimally invasive approach and management in three different types of Robert's uterus.


Video presentation of surgical and ultrasound techniques.


University hospital and two private centers.


Patients with three types of Robert's uterus; a rare form of septate uterus consisting of non-communicating hemicavity, a contralateral unicornuate uterine cavity in a single uterine body with normal fundus: with large hematometra in the blind hemi-cavity and acute pelvic pain; with an inactive blind hemi-cavity without hematometra and recurrent miscarriages; and with small hematometra in the blind hemi-cavity.


Three-dimensional ultrasound with saline infusion sonohysterography and automatic volume calculation software (SonoHySteroAVC) were used for differential diagnosis and surgical planning. Transrectally guided hysteroscopic metroplasty, a incision of myometrium between two parts of cavities by resectoscope and Collin's electrode, were performed and recorded. Sequentional balloon anti-adhesion therapy and three-dimensional ultrasound with saline infusion sonohysterography with SonoHysteroAVC were used in post-operative management.

Main outcome measures

Pre-, intra- and postoperative findings regarding uterine morphology, feasibility of surgery and anatomical and clinical outcomes.


A successful unification of non-communicating and communicating uterine cavity parts during surgery, better shape and several times higher volume of uterine cavity, and total elimination of pain associated with obstruction after healing period were recorded.


Three-dimensional ultrasound techniques seem to be the best tool for complex pre- and postoperative management of Robert's uterus. Minimally invasive ultrasound-guided hysteroscopic metroplasty should be considered as the first choice of treatment because of the potential for normalization of uterine morphology and function.

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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders.