B-cell lymphoma 6 expression is not associated with live birth in a normal responder in vitro fertilization population

Article In Press

Like Comment
Related Content


Amber M. Klimczak, M.D., Nola S. Herlihy, M.D., Cynthia S. Scott, Brent M. Hanson, M.D., Julia G. Kim, M.D., M.P.H., Shiny Titus, Ph.D., Emre Seli, M.D., Richard Thomas Scott Jr., M.D., H.C.L.D.



To determine whether increased endometrial B-cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) expression is associated with live birth in a normal responder in vitro fertilization (IVF) population.


Case-control study.


University-affiliated infertility center.


Two groups of women undergoing IVF with preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy followed by warmed, single, euploid embryo transfer. Group 1 consisted of women who failed to achieve live birth, and group 2 consisted of women who achieved live birth.



Main Outcome Measure(s)

Endometrial BCL6 expression measured by immunohistochemistry in endometrial tissue samples. Overexpression was defined by mean HSCORE with a cutoff of positivity of >1.4, as previously described in the literature.


Twenty-seven patients who achieved live birth and 23 patients who failed to achieve live birth were included. B-cell lymphoma 6 expression/HSCORE and live birth rate were not associated (Odds ratio [OR], 0.78 [0.24–2.55]). Using a cutoff of >1.4 for positivity, 8 of 23 samples were positive for BCL6 in the no live birth group, whereas 7 of 27 were positive in the live birth group. There was no significant association between BCL6 positivity and live birth (OR, 0.66 [0.19–2.21]).


The proportion of patients with BCL6 positivity did not significantly differ between those who achieved live birth and those who did not. In the population of patients at our center, who compromise of women who respond normally to IVF stimulation, BCL6 overexpression was not associated with IVF success. Physicians implementing BCL6 testing as a diagnostic tool for clinical decision making should counsel patients that results may have limited utility in predicting IVF outcomes in this population.

Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders.