Prevalence of migraines in adolescents with endometriosis

Migraines are more common in adolescents with endometriosis than without. The linear relationship between migraine pain severity and odds of endometriosis suggests heightened pain sensitivity for adolescents with endometriosis.

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Volume 109, Issue 4, Pages 685–690

Authors:

Jerri A. Miller, B.S., Stacey A. Missmer, Sc.D., Allison F. Vitonis, Sc.M., Vishnudas Sarda, M.S., Marc R. Laufer, M.D., Amy D. DiVasta, M.D., M.M.Sc.

Abstract:

Objective

To determine the prevalence and experience of migraines in adolescents with surgically confirmed endometriosis compared with those without endometriosis.

Design

Cross-sectional study conducted within The Women's Health Study: From Adolescence to Adulthood—an ongoing longitudinal cohort.

Setting

Boston Center for Endometriosis.

Patient(s)

Adolescent females enrolled November 2012 through November 2016. The case group included adolescents surgically diagnosed with endometriosis. The control group included adolescents without endometriosis, recruited from the local community and clinics.

Intervention(s)

Not available.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

An extensive online health questionnaire regarding medical history, lifestyle, medication use, anthropometrics, and symptom experience and treatments. Migraine diagnosis was self-reported. Migraine pain and noncyclic pelvic pain severity were rated using an 11-point numerical rating scale. Cyclic pelvic pain was categorized.

Result(s)

Adolescents with endometriosis were more likely to experience migraines (69.3%) than those without endometriosis (30.7%) (multivariable odds ratio = 4.77, 95% confidence interval 2.53, 9.02). For each 1-point increase in the migraine numerical rating scale, the odds of endometriosis increased by 22% (multivariable odds ratio = 1.22, 95% confidence interval 1.03, 1.44; Ptrend = .02). Among those with endometriosis, age of menarche was associated inversely with the odds of migraines. Participants with endometriosis and migraines have more dysmenorrhea than those without migraines.

Conclusion(s)

Adolescents with endometriosis are more likely to experience migraines than adolescents without endometriosis. A linear relationship exists between migraine pain severity and the odds of endometriosis, suggesting heightened pain sensitivity for adolescents with endometriosis. Due to the strong correlation, patients who present with either condition should be screened for comorbidity to maximize the benefits of care.


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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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