Genetic intersection of male infertility and cancer
Multiple epidemiological studies have identified an association between male factor infertility and increased cancer risk. This article reviews the current literature and discusses potential shared genetic links between the two conditions.
Volume 109, Issue 1, Pages 20–26
Liina Nagirnaja, Ph.D., Kenneth I. Aston, Ph.D., Donald F. Conrad, Ph.D.
Recent epidemiological studies have identified an association between male factor infertility and increased cancer risk, however, the underlying etiology for the shared risk has not been investigated. It is likely that much of the association between the two disease states can be attributed to underlying genetic lesions. In this article we review the reported associations between cancer and spermatogenic defects, and through database searches we identify candidate genes and gene classes that could explain some of the observed shared genetic risk. We discuss the importance of fully characterizing the genetic basis for the relationship between cancer and male factor infertility and propose future studies to that end.