Detection of mosaicism at blastocyst stage with the use of high-resolution next-generation sequencing

New genetic analysis methods have allowed mosaicism to be detected in biopsy specimens from human blastocysts, providing new insights into embryo biology and the possibility of enhanced assessment of viability.

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Volume 107, Issue 5, Pages 1085–1091

Authors:

Santiago Munné, Ph.D., Dagan Wells, Ph.D.

Abstract:

A significant proportion of human preimplantation embryos produced during the course of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatments contain two or more cytogenetically distinct cell lines. This phenomenon, known as chromosomal mosaicism, can involve the presence of cells with different types of aneuploidy in the absence of any normal cells or a mixture of euploid and abnormal cells. Although a high prevalence of mosaicism at the cleavage and blastocyst stages has been appreciated for two decades, the precise frequency of the phenomenon and its consequences for embryo viability have been difficult to quantify. Recent advances in genetic technologies, such as high-resolution next-generation sequencing, have allowed mosaicism to be detected with much greater sensitivity than earlier methods. The application of these techniques to trophectoderm biopsies, taken from embryos before transfer to the uterus, has provided insight into the clinical impact of mosaicism. Data from recent studies show that blastocysts associated with mosaic trophectoderm biopsy specimens implant less often than embryos with a chromosomally normal biopsy. In addition, the mosaic embryos that succeed in establishing a pregnancy are at a significantly higher risk of miscarriage. Because mosaic embryos are less likely to produce a viable pregnancy than their euploid counterparts, we suggest that they are given a lower priority for transfer to the uterus. However, because these embryos can sometimes produce successful pregnancies, it is important that they can be considered for transfer in the absence of fully euploid embryos and after appropriate patient counseling. Unlike aneuploidy of meiotic origin, mosaicism, which is caused by mitotic errors occurring after fertilization, does not increase with advancing maternal age. There may, however, be clinical, treatment, or patient-related factors that contribute to the risk of mosaicism occurring. This review discusses the validation of methods that permit the detection of chromosomal mosaicism in IVF embryos and findings of clinical relevance.


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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

1 Comments

Go to the profile of Aida Shanti
Aida Shanti over 2 years ago

Hi,

When you counsel the patients regarding transferring the low mosaic embryos (20-40), do you tell them that implantation is decrease and if so by how much?

Same question for the high mosaic, (40-80).

Thanks,

Aida