Who requests their sperm donor's identity? The first ten years of information releases to adults with open-identity donors

At one open-identity sperm donation program, 10 years of requests for donor identifying information indicates that information matters to a significant number of donor-conceived adults.

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Volume 107, Issue 2, Pages 483–493

Authors:

Joanna E. Scheib, Ph.D., Alice Ruby, M.P.H., M.P.P.M., Jean Benward, M.S., L.C.S.W.

Abstract:

Objective

To report findings from 10 years of requests from adults eligible to obtain their open-identity sperm donor's information.

Design

Analysis of archived family and donor data. Semistructured interviews at information releases.

Setting

Not applicable.

Patient(s)

A total of 85 DI adults requesting 43 donor identities; program data on 256 DI families.

Intervention(s)

None.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

We identified [1] demographic predictors of requesting donor identities, [2] information release timing and length, and [3] request motives.

Result(s)

Just >35% of eligible DI adults requested their donor's identity. Adults ranged from 18–27 years, requesting at median age 18 years. More women than men requested. Proportionally fewer adults requested when they had heterosexual-couple parents, and proportionally more when they had one rather than two parents. In interviews, the common theme was wanting to know more about the donor, especially about shared characteristics. Most adults planned to contact their donor. More than 94% of adults had donors who were open to contact; adults expressed modest expectations about this contact.

Conclusion(s)

In 2001, the first adults became eligible to obtain their open-identity sperm donor's information. Ten years of identity requests at one program indicates that information about one's donor is important to a significant proportion of these DI adults. Most requested their donor's identity soon after becoming eligible, suggesting some urgency to wanting the information. Interview data highlighted the role of donor information in helping adults better understand themselves and their ancestry. Findings hold important implications for practice and policy.


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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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