Impact of tamoxifen therapy on fertility in breast cancer survivors
Breast cancer survivors who used tamoxifen had a similar ovarian reserve compared with tamoxifen nonusers but a decreased probability of having a child after cancer diagnosis.
Volume 107, Issue 1, Pages 243-252
Lisa M. Shandley, B.A., Jessica B. Spencer, M.D., M.Sc., Amy Fothergill, M.P.H., Ann C. Mertens, Ph.D., Amita Manatunga, Ph.D., Elisavet Paplomata, M.D., Penelope P. Howards, Ph.D.
To determine whether tamoxifen use is associated with decreased ovarian reserve and decreased likelihood of having a child after a breast cancer diagnosis, using data from the Furthering Understanding of Cancer, Health, and Survivorship in Adult (FUCHSIA) Women Study.
Population-based cohort study.
Three hundred ninety-seven female breast cancer survivors aged 22–45 years whose cancer was diagnosed between ages 20 and 35 years and who were at least 2 years after diagnosis; 108 survivors also participated in a clinic visit.
Main Outcome Measure(s)
Time to first child after cancer diagnosis, clinical measures of ovarian reserve (antimüllerian hormone [AMH] and antral follicle count [AFC]) after cancer.
Women who had ever used tamoxifen were substantially less likely to have a child after the breast cancer diagnosis (hazard ratio [HR] 0.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.16, 0.54) than women who had never used tamoxifen. After adjusting for age at diagnosis, exposure to an alkylating agent, and race, the HR was 0.25 (95% CI, 0.14, 0.47). However, after adjusting for potential confounders, women who had used tamoxifen had an estimated geometric mean AMH level 2.47 times higher (95% CI, 1.08, 5.65) than women who had never taken tamoxifen. Antral follicle count was also higher in the tamoxifen group compared with the tamoxifen nonusers when adjusted for the same variables (risk ratio 1.21; 95% CI, 0.84, 1.73).
Breast cancer survivors who had used tamoxifen were less likely to have a child after breast cancer diagnosis compared with survivors who never used tamoxifen. However, tamoxifen users did not have decreased ovarian reserve compared with the tamoxifen nonusers.