Pathophysiologic processes have an impact on the plasma metabolomic signature of endometriosis patients

The comparison of plasma metabolomic profiles, based on 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, of endometriosis patients and healthy women reveals differences associated with key pathophysiologic processes associated with endometriosis.

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Volume 106, Issue 7, Pages 1733-1741

Authors:

Sara Vicente-Muñoz, Ph.D., Inmaculada Morcillo, M.D., Leonor Puchades-Carrasco, Ph.D., Vicente Payá, M.D., Antonio Pellicer, M.D., Antonio Pineda-Lucena, Ph.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To evaluate potential variations in the plasma metabolomic profile of endometriosis patients as a consequence of pathophysiologic alterations associated with this disorder.

Design

Prospective study. For each subject, a plasma sample was collected after overnight fasting and before surgery.

Setting

University medical center.

Patient(s)

The clinical cohort included 50 endometriosis patients, diagnosed at early (n = 6) and advanced (n = 44) stages of the disease, and 23 healthy women. All volunteers underwent diagnostic laparoscopy to visually confirm the presence or absence of endometriotic lesions.

Intervention(s)

Metabolomic profiling of plasma samples based on 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy in combination with statistical approaches.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

Comparative identification of metabolites present in plasma from endometriosis patients and healthy women.

Result(s)

The plasma metabolomic profile of endometriosis patients was characterized by increased concentration of valine, fucose, choline-containing metabolites, lysine/arginine, and lipoproteins and decreased concentration of creatinine compared with healthy women. Metabolic alterations identified in the plasma metabolomic profile of endometriosis patients correlate with pathophysiologic events previously described in the progression of this disease.

Conclusion(s)

The results highlight the potential of 1H-NMR–based metabolomics to characterize metabolic alterations associated with endometriosis in plasma samples. This information could be useful to get a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of endometriosis, thus facilitating the noninvasive diagnosis of this pathology at early stages.


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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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