Effect of first line cancer treatment on the ovarian reserve and follicular density in girls under the age of 18 years

Ovarian reserve is moderately reduced by first-line gonadotoxic treatment in young cancer patients under the age of 18 years, requiring fertility preservation before treatment of relapse.

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Volume 106, Issue 7, Pages 1757-1762

Authors:

Meryam El Issaoui, M.D., Veronica Giorgione, M.D., Linn S. Mamsen, M.Sc., Catherine Rechnitzer, M.D., Niels Birkebæk, M.D., Niels Clausen, M.D., Thomas W. Kelsey, Ph.D., Claus Yding Andersen, D.M.Sc.

Abstract:

Objective

To study the impact of first-line antineoplastic treatment on ovarian reserve in young girls returning for ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC) in connection with a relapse.

Design

Retrospective case-control study.

Setting

University hospitals.

Patient(s)

Sixty-three girls under the age of 18 years who underwent OTC before (group 1: 31 patients) and after (group 2: 32 patients) their initial cancer treatment.

Intervention(s)

None.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

Follicular densities (follicles/mm3) measured from an ovarian cortical biopsy before OTC. The ovarian volume (mL) of entire ovaries excised for OTC was also monitored.

Result(s)

There was no statistically significant difference in the mean age or follicular density between groups 1 and 2 (334 ± 476/mm3 vs. 327 ± 756/mm3). In contrast, the ovarian volume and total number of ovarian cortex chips cryopreserved were statistically significantly lower in patients who received gonadotoxic treatment before OTC (mean ± standard deviation [SD]: ovarian volume, 5.3 ± 3.1 mL vs. 2.9 ± 2.1 mL, respectively; number of cortex chips: 21.3 ± 8.1 vs. 15.2 ± 7.1, respectively). The reduction in the estimated ovarian reserve ranged from 10% to 20% in children to around 30% in adolescent girls (>10 years).

Conclusion(s)

Girls under the age of 10 tolerate a gonadotoxic insult better than adolescents, who may experience up to a 30% reduction in the ovarian reserve via first-line gonadotoxic treatment, which at present is considered to have little effect on the follicle pool. This information will improve counseling of young female cancer patients in deciding whether to undergo fertility preservation treatment.


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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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