Gay father surrogacy families: relationships with surrogates and egg donors and parental disclosure of children's origins

In gay father surrogacy families with young children, relationships with surrogates were generally positive, and most fathers had started the process of talking to their children about their origins.

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Volume 106, Issue 6, Pages 1503-1509

Authors:

Lucy Blake, Ph.D., Nicola Carone, M.Sc., Jenna Slutsky, Ph.D., Elizabeth Raffanello, M.P.H., Anke A. Ehrhardt, Ph.D., Susan Golombok, Ph.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To study the nature and quality of relationships between gay father families and their surrogates and egg donors and parental disclosure of children's origins.

Design

Cross-sectional study.

Setting

Family homes.

Patient(s)

Parents in 40 gay father families with 3–9-year-old children born through surrogacy.

Intervention(s)

Administration of a semistructured interview.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

Relationships between parents, children, surrogates, and egg donors and parental disclosure of children's origins were examined using a semistructured interview.

Result(s)

The majority of fathers were content with the level of contact they had with the surrogate, with those who were discontent wanting more contact. Fathers were more likely to maintain relationships with surrogates than egg donors, and almost all families had started the process of talking to their children about their origins, with the level of detail and children's understanding increasing with the age of the child.

Conclusion(s)

In gay father surrogacy families with young children, relationships between parents, children, surrogates, and egg donors are generally positive.


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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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