Does salpingectomy have a deleterious impact on ovarian response in in vitro fertilization cycles?

Salpingectomy in infertile patients does not have any negative effect on their subsequent fertility treatment.

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Volume 106, Issue 5, Pages 1083-1092

Authors:

Sang-Hee Yoon, M.D., Ji Young Lee, M.D., Soo-Nyung Kim, M.D., Hye Won Chung, M.D., So Yun Park, M.D., Chulmin Lee, M.D.

Abstract:

Objective

To investigate the impact of salpingectomy in patients with IVF treatment on ovarian response.

Design

Meta-analysis.

Setting

Not applicable.

Patient(s)

Patients under treatment for infertility, during the cycles before and after treatment by salpingectomy for hydrosalpinx or ectopic pregnancy.

Intervention(s)

PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE databases, and CENTRAL in Cochrane Library up to July 2015. Either a fixed- or a random-effects model was used to calculate the overall combined risk estimates. The subgroup analysis was planned a priori before data were collected and analyzed.

Main Outcome Measure(s)

The amount of gonadotropin administered, the peak E2 level, the number of oocytes retrieved, and the number of pregnancies.

Result(s)

After the final screening, 12 of the studies were retrospective and six were prospective. In this meta-analysis, 1,482 patients were enrolled, including a total of 657 patients with salpingectomy and 825 without salpingectomy. The comparisons before and after salpingectomy of the peak E2 level (standardized mean difference [SMD] = −0.182; 95% confidence interval [CI], −0.166, 0.101; I2, 85.45%), the total gonadotropin dose used for stimulation (SMD = 0.127; 95% CI, −0.054 0.308; I2, 84.49%), and number of oocytes retrieved (SMD = −0.060; 95% CI, −0.189, 0.070; I2, 63.93%) did not reveal any significant differences. The number of pregnancies before and after salpingectomy did not differ significantly (odds ratio [OR] = 1.180; 95% CI, 0.854, 1.630; I2, 34.01%).

Conclusion(s)

Salpingectomy in infertile patients does not have any negative effect on their subsequent fertility treatment, but further studies should be performed before this result can be considered definitive.


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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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