Two dimensional and three dimensional imaging of uterus and fallopian tubes in female infertility

Noninvasive imaging techniques play an important role in the female infertility diagnostic algorithm. Computerized tomographic and magnetic resonance virtual hysterosalpingography techniques allow a comprehensive assessment of the female reproductive system.

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Authors

Patricia Carrascosa, M.D., Ph.D., Carlos Capuñay, M.D., Javier Vallejos, M.D., Jimena Carpio, M.D., Mariano Baronio, M.D., Sergio Papier, M.D.

Volume 105, Issue 6, Pages 1403-1420

Abstract

Noninvasive imaging techniques play an important role in the female infertility diagnostic algorithm. In this review article, a description of the diagnostic performance and potential clinical value of both computerized tomographic virtual hysterosalpingography (CT-VHGS) and magnetic-resonance virtual hysterosalpingography (MR-VHSG) is made, describing for both techniques, to guarantee the best possible diagnostic outcome, patient preparation and normal and principal pathologic findings. Both noninvasive diagnostic imaging modalities improve the diagnostic confidence in identification of the specific cause of female infertility. These procedures are well tolerated and can be performed without tenaculum and sedation. The combined analysis of all the imaging data offers the gynecologist a wide information spectrum, enabling a better therapeutic decision. CT-VHSG and MR-VHSG are consistent diagnostic imaging modalities for the evaluation of the female reproductive system, with an excellent diagnostic performance compared with traditional diagnostic exams and allowing a comprehensive assessment of the female reproductive system.

Read the full text at: http://www.fertstert.org/article/S0015-0282(16)61108-1/fulltext


Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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