Natalie M. Crawford, M.D., David A. Pritchard, M.S., Amy H. Herring, Sc.D., Anne Z. Steiner, M.D., M.P.H.
Volume 105, Issue 5, Pages 1294-1300
To evaluate the impact of an episode of intermenstrual bleeding on the probability of conception in a menstrual cycle (fecundability).
Prospective, time-to-pregnancy cohort study.
Women trying to conceive, ages 30 to 44 years, without known infertility.
Main Outcome Measure(s):
Current cycle and subsequent cycle fecundability.
A total of 549 women provided 1,552 complete cycles for analysis. Intermenstrual and luteal bleeding were reported in 36% and 34% of cycles, respectively. Ninety-three percent of all intermenstrual bleeding was luteal. Cycles in which women had intermenstrual bleeding or luteal bleeding were statistically significantly less likely to result in conception (fecundability ratio [FR] 0.23; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.16–0.34; and FR 0.22; 95% CI, 0.14–0.33). Women with an episode of intermenstrual and luteal bleeding had a statistically significant increase in the probability of pregnancy in the subsequent cycle (FR 1.61; 95% CI, 1.15–2.25; and FR 2.01; 95% CI, 1.52–2.87, respectively).
Intermenstrual bleeding statistically significantly decreases the odds of conceiving in that cycle but does not appear to negatively impact a woman’s immediate future reproductive potential.
Clinical Trial Registration Number:
Read the full text at: http://www.fertstert.org/article/S0015-0282(16)00050-9/fulltext