Comparative assessment of five serum antimullerian hormone assays for the diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome

The performance of the different commercial antimullerian hormone assays for polycystic ovary syndrome diagnosis is comparable, but different threshold values should be used for automatic and manual assays.

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Authors

Pascal Pigny, Ph.D., Elisse Gorisse, M.D., Amjad Ghulam, M.D., Geoffroy Robin, M.D., Sophie Catteau-Jonard, M.D., Ph.D., Alain Duhamel, M.D., Ph.D., Didier Dewailly, M.D.

Volume 105, Issue 4, Pages 1063-1069

Abstract

Objective:

To determine whether the different antimüllerian hormone (AMH) immunoassays on the market offer the same performance for the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Design:

A total of 95 serum AMH samples were retrospectively evaluated for a period of 3 months in the same laboratory.

Setting:

Academic center laboratory.

Patient(s):

Forty-eight control women with regular menses and no hyperandrogenism and 47 patients with classic PCOS (i.e., hyperandrogenism plus oligoanovulation) attending our department for infertility.

Intervention(s):

None.

Main Outcome Measure(s):

AMH measurement using five commercial assays. Method comparison and evaluation of the diagnostic performance by receiver operating characteristic analysis.

Result(s):

Values obtained with Gen II and AL-105i ELISAs were similar to those provided by EAI AMH/MIS, whereas automatic assays generated lower values. A significant mean difference was observed between Access Dxi (1.35 ng/mL) or Cobas (1.73 ng/mL) and EIA AMH/MIS ELISA. By ROC analysis each assay displayed similar efficiency for PCOS diagnosis. Sensitivities varied from 49% to 74% when setting the specificity at 92%. Cluster analysis run in the control group identified a subgroup of asymptomatic women with polycystic ovary morphology (PCOM). After exclusion of PCOM, the 95th percentile of controls was 4.2 ng/mL (30 pmol/L) with the automatic assays and 5.6 ng/mL (40 pmol/L) with the manual assays.

Conclusion(s):

Performance of the different AMH assays for PCOS diagnosis is comparable, providing that different threshold values are used for manual and automatic assays. Measurement of serum AMH level appears as a robust tool for the definition of PCOM.

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Fertility and Sterility

Editorial Office, American Society for Reproductive Medicine

Fertility and Sterility® is an international journal for obstetricians, gynecologists, reproductive endocrinologists, urologists, basic scientists and others who treat and investigate problems of infertility and human reproductive disorders. The journal publishes juried original scientific articles in clinical and laboratory research relevant to reproductive endocrinology, urology, andrology, physiology, immunology, genetics, contraception, and menopause. Fertility and Sterility® encourages and supports meaningful basic and clinical research, and facilitates and promotes excellence in professional education, in the field of reproductive medicine.

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