Results from previous studies investigating the potential association between surgical menopause due to bilateral oophorectomy and increased mortality are mixed. Bilateral oophorectomy was not associated with increased mortality in the California Teachers Study.
Associations of childbearing history with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in postmenopausal women were examined. High gravidity was associated with reduced CVD and non–coronary heart disease CVD mortality, independent of covariates.
Women with malignant disease have a significantly lower oocyte retrieval rate compared with agematched healthy controls; specific malignancy or stage effect on ovarian response to stimulation cannot be assessed.
The examination of 66 in vitro fertilization–conceived children and 69 control children revealed no imprinting abnormalities at H19, KCNQ1OT1, SNRPN, or IGF2. Satellite 2 methylation was normal, and no global changes in methylation were detected.
A comprehensive approach to women with severe Asherman syndrome and amenorrhea is outlined including standardized preoperative, operative, and postoperative care. All women resumed menses, and 50% conceived after treatment.
Polydeoxyribonucleotide administration in experimental varicocele improved testicular angiogenesis. This event might imply an augmented oxygen supply, a subsequent balance of the apoptotic mechanism, and an improvement of spermatogenesis.
The effects of tinzaparin and enoxaparin on decidual cells were evaluated. Tinzaparin induced heparinbinding epidermal growth factor–like growth factor expression and secretion. Both low-molecular-weight heparins prevented tumor necrosis factor (TNF) a–induced apoptosis of decidual cells.
Androgens inhibit cell death of decidualizing endometrial stromal cells exposed to oxidative stress signals. Therefore, androgens might play a critical role for decidua processes of embryo implantation and trophoblast invasion.
Ezrin/phospho-ezrin immunoreactivity are present on apical surfaces of the luminal epithelium, around secretory vacuoles and in luminal secretions during the secretory phase. These findings have functional implications for implantation biology.
Immature testicular tissue is more sensitive and shows differential cell-specificity to cryoprotectants. Dimethyl sulfoxide and ethylene glycol are ideal cryoprotectants for immature and adult testicular tissue, respectively.
Lowering of androgens and insulin during pregnancy in mothers with polycystic ovary syndrome reduces anti-Mullerian hormone levels in their daughters, which might reflect a decrease in their follicular mass.
Treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist improved the clinical, laboratory and ultrasonographic parameters of a pituitary adenoma secreting follicle-stimulating hormone associated with ovarian hyperstimulation which persisted after transsphenoidal surgery.
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